It’s a Wonderful Life blogathon: HB Warner, a retrospective of his career and a reflection on Mr. Gower

This is my entry for the It’s a Wonderful Life blogathon. Go on over to the Classic Movie Muse’s blog to check out the other contributions!

Bedford Falls is populated by a variety of rich and memorable characters. Any fan of It’s a Wonderful Life certainly has their favorites. Mine has always been Mr. Gower, the alcoholic pharmacist played by character actor HB Warner. Warner is not exactly a household name, though if you’re a classic movie fan, you’ve undoubtedly seen him, either in It’s a Wonderful Life or as one of the “waxworks” playing cards with Norma Desmond in Sunset Blvd. However, he enjoyed a long career on stage and screen.

Harold Hartsell and a young HB Warner in a 1910 production of Alias Jimmy Valentine. Image source: Wikipedia

Warner was born in London, England in 1876. Acting appears to have run in his family: his grandfather and father were both prominent stage performers, and his sister Grace would become a stage manager. Despite familial expectation that he would study medicine, Warner studied acting abroad and joined his father’s stock company instead. He toured throughout England for many years before coming to America at the turn of the twentieth century, where he made his Broadway debut in 1903.

HB Warner as a morphine addict in the 1916 drama The Beggar of Cawporne. Image source: Wikipedia

Warner began his long association with the movies when he was cast in the 1914 film The Lost Paradise. He became a leading man in no time, playing everything from Ruritanian princes to morphine addicts. Unfortunately, many of his 1910s movies are unavailable for viewing, either from lack of access or their being lost. The most intriguing of these is Wrath, a film that was part of a series on the Seven Deadly Sins.

A magazine ad for When We Were Twenty-One, a starring project for Warner in the early 1920s. Image source: Wikipedia

During the 1920s, Warner worked both in Hollywood and on Broadway. Once again, many of the films he headed are unavailable for viewing, the most regrettable title being 1927’s Sorrell and Son, a role he would later replay when the story was turned into a talkie in 1934. However, some of the movies have made it to home video in recent years, such as Zaza, where he plays a respectable diplomat who falls in love with Gloria Swanson’s showgirl, and the historical drama The Divine Woman where he plays Lord Hamilton to Corinne Griffith’s Emma Hart.

Warner as Jesus Christ, his most famous role during the silent era. Image source: Criterion Collection

For a long time, Warner’s most famous film role was Jesus Christ in Cecil B. DeMille’s astonishing 1927 epic The King of Kings. Though older than the biblical Jesus by two decades, Warner made an ideal Christ, serene and compassionate as well as virile and persevering. He achieves an ideal balance between the mortal and divine sides of Christ, which is easier said than done judging by subsequent actors’ tendencies to favor one side over the other.

As convincing a Jesus as he was on-screen, Warner was a womanizer and alcoholic in real life. Regardless, DeMille was determined that Warner behave himself during shooting so as to not compromise the production’s sense of holiness. Warner responded by having an affair with an extra and drinking it up as usual. Much to DeMille’s irritation, his meek and mild Jesus also slept onboard a luxurious yacht every night.

Whatever Warner’s off-screen behavior, The King of Kings was a massive hit with a long shelf life. Even after the talkie revolution and the cultural dismissal of silent cinema, The King of Kings remained in circulation well into the 1950s and became an Easter staple on television.

Warner with Norma Shearer in a lobby card for The Trial of Mary Dugan. Image source: normashearer.com

Warner’s career was unaffected by the coming of sound. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, he flourished as a character actor. Notable projects from this period of his career include The Trial of Mary Dugan, Five Star Final, Unholy Love, A Tale of Two Cities, The Rains Came, New Moon, Topper Returns, The Devil and Daniel Webster, and several Bulldog Drummond movies.

Warner’s health declined in the 1950s, but he was determined to keep working. By the time he agreed to take a small role in DeMille’s 1956 epic The Ten Commandments, he was living in a nursing home and had to be carried on the set in a stretcher. Regardless of his health, Warner’s presence awed the cast and crew, and he performed his last scene with poignancy. He would die two years later at the age of 82.

HB Warner in It’s a Wonderful Life. Image source: Vanity Fair

While his film work is extensive, Warner’s most notable output comes from his work for Frank Capra. He would appear in You Can’t Take It With You, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, Lost Horizon, and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, but his turn as Mr. Gower in It’s a Wonderful Life is undoubtedly now his most famous role, silent or sound.

It’s a Wonderful Life, for all its small-town coziness and triumphant ending, is a dark, dark movie, and Mr. Gower’s poignant character attests to that more than any other in the film. Haunted and hard-edged, he could have walked right out of a film noir. It was an unusual role for Warner by this time. He gleefully told reporters that DeMille would just lose it when he saw he was playing “the damnedest, dirtiest bum you ever saw, a proper drunk.”

From the start, the Gower part is a reversal of the more dignified roles Warner was used to, even if this character is technically an important member of the community as the town pharmacist. Take Gower’s introduction. It does not leave a good impression: he’s tyrannical and drunk, bossing young George around. At first, we might think he’s just another crank like Mr. Potter. However, George and the audience quickly learn Gower was informed his son died of influenza and he’s turned to alcohol to dull the pain.

Gower’s distracted and irritable in his inebriation, so wrapped up in his suffering that he doesn’t realize he’s about to poison a child by mistake. Even worse, he deliberately slaps the hell out of young George when he thinks his failure to deliver the medication was due to laziness. When George explains his actions and Gower realizes how close he came to killing a kid, his remorse and relief are so beautifully presented.

Everything about Warner’s performance is so deeply felt. His work is never a broad portrait of drunkenness and we get to see enough of the goodness within him to where he feels like a genuine person. He literally makes me cry in some of his scenes, especially when he shows up at the bar during the alternate universe sequence, once again dazed and drunk, but this time with the additional burden of being a social pariah since George was never there to stop him from going through with his fatal mistake. He comes off like a figure out of the Inferno, damned even by the criminals and low-lives within the hellhole that is Pottersville.

It’s interesting how Warner’s two signature roles– Jesus Christ and Mr. Gower– could not be more different. Interestingly, both deal with redemption: Christ is obviously the one doing the redeeming in The King of Kings, while Gower is a lost soul redeemed through George’s kindness who then gets to return the favor at the end of the movie. It’s a dynamic part, one that I appreciate with every Christmas-time viewing of this classic film. It remains an integral part of the movie and a testament to Warner’s often unsung skill as a character actor extraordinaire.

Sources:

Empire of Dreams by Scott Eyman

The Epic Film: From Myth to Blockbuster by Constantine Santas

LIFE: It’s a Wonderful Life

Who Was Who in the Theatre: 1912-1976 Vol. 4 Q-Z 

17 thoughts on “It’s a Wonderful Life blogathon: HB Warner, a retrospective of his career and a reflection on Mr. Gower

  1. Indeed. Mr. Gower and Warner’s performance is integral to the movie. It is like believing that Marley is dead in A Christmas Carol; nothing wonderful can come from the story if we do not live that harrowing day between George and his employer.

    I think you might get a chuckle (or supremely frustrated) out of this article of mine from a few years ago: https://www.caftanwoman.com/2013/12/whos-watching-its-wonderful-life.html

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: Welcome to It’s a Wonderful Life Blogathon: A 75th Anniversary Celebration!! – The Classic Movie Muse

  3. Love everything about this article, Nitrateglow! You’ve done a beautiful job illustrating the importance of Mr. Gower as a character and the marvelous H. B. Warner who brought him to life for us on the screen. His scene in the bar is one of the most heartbreaking I’ve ever seen.

    You’ve also brought up a great point about how Warner’s most famous roles are so different, and yet bear a definite similarity. I’m looking forward to exploring more of his filmography. He was an absolute gem.

    Thank you for contributing this excellent, thought-provoking post to my blogathon! 🙂 Merry Christmas!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Before reading this, I would’ve said I was less familiar with H.B. Warner than other member of It’s a Wonderful Life’s iconic cast. But now I realize maybe I’ve seen him in more films than I thought – I just failed to recognize him! When preparing my own post, I caught that he was in You Can’t Take It With You and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (both of which I’ve previously seen, although I can’t recall who he played in either one) – but The Ten Commandments, too??? This has to speak to his transformative power as an actor. He must be the type to disappear into his roles – quite effectively, too. 🙂

    I also didn’t know he was English, but that makes total sense. Recently, I listened to the Lux Radio broadcast of The Boss – and was shocked when he spoke with an English accent! If DeMille hadn’t introduced him, I would’ve had no idea this was the man who would go on to play Mr. Gower. DeMille also mentioned King of Kings, of course, and remarked that Warner was in demand because of his “ecclesiastical demeanor”. Now that I know more about him, I bet H.B. rolled his eyes at that! 😉 (I also love the “proper drunk” quote.)

    But you can’t hear a hint of Britishness in Mr. Gower. I’ll look at him with new eyes the next time I watch It’s a Wonderful Life, too. Something that’s always struck me about his performance is that he seems so…fragile? (This is especially striking since his younger pictures you’ve shown here are so INTENSE. Those EYES. Wow.) Do you think that was a character choice on his part, or was that fragility already related to his health at the time?

    It was nice to participate in another blogathon with you. 🙂 If you haven’t yet, I’d love for you to check out my post!

    Like

    • It’s definitely easy to forget Warner was English– I know I regularly do!

      I think his fragility was related to his health, which was soon to decline sharply with the arrival of the 1950s. But it definitely fits Mr. Gower! And his fragility combined with those intense eyes certainly makes for a mesmerizing presence.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Pingback: Favorite posts of 2021 | nitrateglow

  6. Pingback: Welcome to It’s a Wonderful Life Blogathon: A 75th Anniversary Celebration!! | The Classic Movie Muse

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s